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Brigham and Women's Hospital Previously published on Intelihealth. Have you been plagued by menstrual irregularities, acne or excess facial hair? If you answer yes to one or some of these questions, you may have a condition called polycystic ovary syndrome. PCOS affects 6 percent to 10 percent of women of childbearing age.
Polycystic ovary syndrome is a complex female endocrine hormone disorder. Male hormone levels in a woman's body tend to go up and female hormones don't cycle normally. But the key issue for many women with PCOS may be insulin resistance. Insulin is a hormone secreted by the pancreas. Its job is to move the sugar from our blood to our cells, where it is used for energy or stored for future use. Insulin resistance occurs when the normal amount of circulating insulin becomes less effective in moving blood sugar into cells.
The pancreas responds by making more insulin, but over time the cells resist these high levels. Both sugar and insulin continue to build up in the blood. The underlying cause of insulin resistance is probably genetic, but lifestyle has a big influence on what actually happens. Obesity and physical inactivity can promote its occurrence in many women. But even thin women who exercise regularly can have PCOS.
Back to top Eighty percent of women with PCOS are obese, tending toward an apple-shaped body type. The mainstay of treatment for PCOS is weight loss. A weight loss of only 5 percent can improve insulin resistance, leading to lower levels of male hormones and less facial hairimproved menstrual function, and a reduction in cholesterol abnormalities. The best approach is a healthy weight-loss diet and exercise routine. Unfortunately, many women with PCOS have a difficult time losing weight.
There may be a connection between high male hormone levels and increased appetite; glucose intolerance also may play a role in weight gain. Even if your weight gain is caused by some physiological consequence of PCOS, lifestyle changes offer you the best chance of successful weight loss. These may include restructuring your eating habits, managing depression and anxiety, learning stress-reduction techniques, and starting an individual exercise program.
Research tells us that a healthy diet includes lean proteins, heart-healthy fats, and a moderate amount of carbohydrates. Lean proteins include fish, skinless poultry, egg whites, beans especially soy and their productsnuts and nut butters. Heart-healthy fats include liquid oils from olives, canola, soybeans, corn, flaxseed, sunflower, and peanuts. In addition, fats from nuts, seeds, and fish are also a healthy choice.
Choose carbohydrates that have a low glycemic index. The glycemic index is a measure of how quickly and how strongly a food increases blood sugar and insulin levels. Choosing foods with a lower desi diet plan pakistan index may help to reduce carbohydrate cravings, especially whole, intact grains that are high in fiber. Eat percent whole-grain breads, brown rice, and steel-cut oats, or try something new such as barley, couscous, or the grain quinoa.
Dried beans, and fruits, as berries, are also excellent examples of low glycemic foods. Back to top Many doctors are using insulin sensitizers for PCOS. Metformin Glucophage decreases insulin resistance and may improve the physical appearance of women with the disorder. Also, some pcos diet plan nz have advised trying one of the glitazones such as pioglitazone or rosiglitazone.
Combination birth control pills help to restore the balance of estrogen female hormone to androgen male hormone. Oral contraceptives can decrease facial hair and acne and regulate the menstrual cycle. Fertility issues may require clomiphene or other medication to stimulate ovulation. Back to top There is a public health concern about long-range complications from insulin resistance.
Insulin resistance is related not only to PCOS but also to metabolic syndrome, where one has high blood pressure, a low HDL good cholesterol level, elevated triglyceride levels, and high fasting blood sugars, in addition to insulin resistance.
diet plans for pcos sufferers
diet plans for pcos sufferers
pcos diet plan to get pregnant pdf
Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome help and diet plans. Women with Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome often feel PCOS Diva is a commitment to yourself and to. PCOS-Friendly Foods to help you eat a balanced diet. PCOS-Friendly food in the diagnosis and treatment of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome. Video embedded · PCOS Nutrition – PCOS Diet. Watch the PCOS Challenge television show to learn PCOS diet and nutrition essentials from Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome. Lose Up To 8 Lbs 1 Week - Want To Lose Weight Quickly? Take 30% OFF.